Dottorato in Filosofia Università di Pisa e Firenze
Following the transformations occurred within the structure of the medical gaze, at the end of 18th century, this study aims to analyze the articulation between death, illness and body inThe Birth of the clinic. At first we will consider the constitution of the medicine of symptoms as it introduces a temporal dimension structuring the invisibility of the illness by replacing the spatial organization of the medicine of species. Secondly, we will describe the encounter between the medicine of symptoms and Bichat’s anatomopathology, which inaugurates modern medicine through an epistemological integration of death to medical experience: it is in the visibility of the death that the sayability of the illness comes to be founded. We will evaluate the way this reconstruction operates as an external critique of a linear and progressive model for the history of the knowledge. At the end, we will problematize the consequences this event implies by giving birth to the modern constitution of human sciences.
Illness – Invisibility – Death – The Birth of the Clinic – Life